Niemand wird die Kommunistische Partei brechen, ohne auch das chinesische Volk zu brechen!" [114] The insistence that globalization is not fixed in nature comes from Deng's insistence that China can pursue socialist modernization by incorporating elements of capitalism. 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[155][156] These committees play a key role in directing local policy by selecting local leaders and assigning critical tasks. [24] Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao, both were professors at Peking University. "[179], The CCP has retained close relations with the remaining socialist states still espousing communism: Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam and their respective ruling parties as well as North Korea and its ruling party, which officially abandoned communism in 2009. [155], As of 30 June 2016, individuals who identify as farmers, herdsmen and fishermen make up 26 million members; members identifying as workers totalled 7.2 million. According to this report, the fiscal Revenue amounted to RMB 29,498,933.58, and CCP organization' expenditures amounted to RMB 1,660,115.50, that is, 5.63% of fiscal revenue is used by the CCP for its own operation. According to the party's constitution, a congress may not be postponed except "under extraordinary circumstances. [81] Hu resigned from his post as CCP General Secretary and Chairman of the CMC at the 18th National Congress held in 2012, and was succeeded in both posts by Xi Jinping. [195] The CCP concluded that both parties were re-elected because they modernized, replacing traditional state socialist tenets with new ones supporting privatization, shedding the belief in big government, conceiving a new view of the welfare state, changing their negative views of the market and moving from their traditional support base of trade unions to entrepreneurs, the young and students. [191] However, several studies have been written on the KMT's loss of power in 2000 after having ruled Taiwan since 1949 (the KMT officially ruled mainland China from 1928 to 1949). [100], —Vladimir Lenin on the Marxist rationale for keeping private property. [108] The SOD incorporates scientific socialism, sustainable development, social welfare, a humanistic society, increased democracy, and, ultimately, the creation of a Socialist Harmonious Society. [136] Unlike the collective leadership ideal of other party organs, the CMC chairman acts as commander-in-chief with full authority to appoint or dismiss top military officers at will. [138], A first plenum of the Central Committee also elects heads of departments, bureaus, central leading groups and other institutions to pursue its work during a term (a "term" being the period elapsing between national congresses, usually five years). 1: 388 cm in length and 192 cm in width; no. [63], As part of Jiang Zemin's nominal legacy, the CCP ratified the Three Represents for the 2003 revision of the party's constitution, as a "guiding ideology" to encourage the party to represent "advanced productive forces, the progressive course of China's culture, and the fundamental interests of the people. [71], Following Mao's death in 1976, a power struggle between CCP Chairman Hua Guofeng and Vice-chairman Deng Xiaoping erupted. Und China ist auch nicht als Demokratie verkleidet. Noch Fragen? [33][34] Then they found the KMT, a party founded by Sun Yat-sen, which was leading the Guangzhou government to confront the Northern government. Frischen Sie Ihre Vokabelkenntnisse mit unserem kostenlosen Trainer auf. Dies ist eine Liste von Persönlichkeiten der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas (Abk. [30] He was referred as "China's Lenin". [101], The "Three Represents", Jiang Zemin's contribution to the party's ideology, was adopted by the party at the 16th National Congress. [159] To become a probationary member, the applicant must take an admission oath before the party flag. The ruling political party of the People's Republic of China. [171] While the CCP retains contact with major parties such as the PCP,[169] PCF,[170] the CPRF,[172] the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia,[173] the Communist Party of Brazil,[174] the Communist Party of Nepal[175] and the Communist Party of Spain,[176] the party retains relations with minor communist and workers' parties, such as the Communist Party of Australia,[177] the Workers Party of Bangladesh, the Communist Party of Bangladesh (Marxist–Leninist) (Barua), the Communist Party of Sri Lanka, the Workers' Party of Belgium, the Hungarian Workers' Party, the Dominican Workers' Party and the Party for the Transformation of Honduras, for instance. [91], Marxism–Leninism was the first official ideology of the Communist Party of China. mit Ihrer Spende leisten Sie einen Beitrag zum Erhalt und zur Weiterentwicklung unseres Angebotes, das wir mit viel Enthusiasmus und Hingabe pflegen. [120], Shuanggui is an intra-party disciplinary process conducted by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI). "[155] If a local Party Congress is held before or after the given date, the term of the members of the Party Committee shall be correspondingly shortened or lengthened. [59] This period lasted through four stages; the first was from August 1945 (when the Japanese surrendered) to June 1946 (when the peace talks between the CCP and the KMT ended). [125] The General Office is the party's "nerve centre", in charge of day-to-day administrative work, including communications, protocol, and setting agendas for meetings. [62] From this time through the 1980s, top leaders of the CCP (like Mao Zedong, Lin Biao, Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping) were largely the same military leaders prior to the PRC's founding. [155] A Standing Committee is responsible to the Party Committee at the corresponding level and the Party Committee at the next higher level. Dabei übernahmen die chinesischen Kommunisten die organisatorischen Prinzipien der Kaderpartei und der Führungsrolle der Partei in Politik, Gesellschaft und Wirtschaft. "[137] The general secretary serves as the Chairman of the CNSC. Aktivieren Sie JavaScript für mehr Features und höhere Geschwindigkeit beim Abfragen. Mit der Machtergreifung durch die Kommunistische Partei Chinas und der Gründung der Volksrepublik China wurde auch eine neue Flagge eingeführt. According to official statements by the CCP, the concept integrates "Marxism with the reality of contemporary China and with the underlying features of our times, and it fully embodies the Marxist worldview on and methodology for development. [74] While asserting the political power of the Party, the change in policy generated significant economic growth. Sein Vater ist Politiker, schon früh wird klar, dass Li ebenfalls in die Kommunistische Partei eintreten will. [192], Circa 2008, the CCP has been especially interested in Latin America,[192] as shown by the increasing number of delegates sent to and received from these countries. [129] According to the party constitution, the general secretary must be a member of the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC), and is responsible for convening meetings of the PSC and the Politburo, while also presiding over the work of the Secretariat. Deutsche Kommunistische Partei : Deutsch - Englisch Übersetzungen und Synonyme (BEOLINGUS Online-Wörterbuch, TU Chemnitz) Ein Service der TU Chemnitz unterstützt von IBS und MIOTU/Mio2 . Die kommunistische Partei nutzt in China den Fußball als Vorzeigebeispiel für ihr Streben nach einer gleichförmigen Gesellschaft. Through these posts, the party leader is the country's paramount leader. [60] The result was that the CCP was able to cut off KMT garrisons in Manchuria and retake several lost territories. But this shift has brought us closer to classical Marxism. The first plenum also endorses the composition of the Secretariat and the leadership of the CCDI. [52] He attacked Changsha, but failed; by 15 September, he accepted defeat, with 1,000 survivors marching east to the Jinggang Mountains of Jiangxi. In China ist das die Kommunistische Partei. Geben Sie hier Ihren kompletten Text ein und klicken Sie dann auf ein Wort. [159], In contrast to the past, when emphasis was placed on the applicants' ideological criteria, the current CCP stresses technical and educational qualifications. [120] According to Mao, democratic centralism "is centralized on the basis of democracy and democratic under centralized guidance. prohibit entirely, to put the lock on all development of private, non-state exchange, i.e., trade, i.e., capitalism, which is inevitable with millions of small producers ... such a policy would be foolish and suicidal for the party that tried to apply it. [97] While the CCP claims that China is in the primary stage of socialism, party theorists argue that the current development stage "looks a lot like capitalism". .... an den politischen Parteiungen, Kaempfen und Ve…, ...party endorsements may offer a type of judgement shortcut that allow citizens to infer th…, Die informierte Partei bestätigt schriftlich, dass alle bei ihr erstellten Kopien vernichtet…, Die in Ziffern 14.1 bis 14.4 jeweils freistellende Partei ist von ihren Verpflichtungen in d…. [199], On 1 October 2020, U.S. He said, "A planned economy is not the definition of socialism, because there is planning under capitalism; the market economy happens under socialism, too. To address these, Hu introduced two main ideological concepts: the Scientific Outlook on Development and Harmonious Socialist Society.